Disseminating and implementing research outcomes to benefit our patients is one of the barriers in improving patient care. My research focus is on patient-centered outcomes and quality improvement research because they form an intimate relationship with our patients, evaluating all direct and indirect factors that affect patients’ health service experience.


Prevalence of previously undiagnosed psychiatric symptom groupings in pediatric patients with bladder and bowel dysfunction
Journal of Pediatric Urology
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2023.10.004

The Association of Health Literacy with Health-Related Quality of Life in Youth and Young Adults with Spina Bifida: A Cross-Sectional Study
The Journal of Pediatrics
James T. Rague and Soojin Kim and Josephine Hirsch and Theresa Meyer and Ilina Rosoklija and Jill E. Larson and Vineeta T. Swaroop and Robin Bowman and Diana K. Bowen and Earl Y. Cheng and Elisa J. Gordon and Grayson Holmbeck and Daniel I. Chu and Tamara Isakova and Elizabeth B. Yerkes and David I. Chu
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2022.08.005

Canadians’ (over)active contributions to overactive bladder research
Canadian Urological Association Journal
Kim, S.
DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.8111

Assessment of Health Literacy and Self-reported Readiness for Transition to Adult Care among Adolescents and Young Adults with Spina Bifida
JAMA Network Open
Rague, J.T. and Kim, S. and Hirsch, J.A. and Meyer, T. and Rosoklija, I. and Larson, J.E. and Swaroop, V.T. and Bowman, R.M. and Bowen, D.K. and Cheng, E.Y. and Gordon, E.J. and Chu, D.I. and Isakova, T. and Yerkes, E.B. and Chu, D.I.
DOI: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.27034

Implementation and sustainability of an enhanced recovery pathway in pediatric bladder reconstruction: Flexibility, commitment, teamwork
Journal of Pediatric Urology
Chan, Y.Y. and Chu, D.I. and Hirsch, J. and Kim, S. and Rosoklija, I. and Studer, A. and Brockel, M.A. and Cheng, E.Y. and Raval, M.V. and Burjek, N.E. and Rove, K.O. and Yerkes, E.B.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2021.08.023

Prioritization and management recommendations of pediatric urology conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada
Keefe DT and Rickard M and Anderson P and Bagli D and Blais AS and Bolduc S and Braga LH and Brownrigg N and Chua M and Dave S and Santos JD and Guerra L and Hayashi AH and Keays MA and Wang PZT
DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.6693
PubMed: 32525802

Association of number and type of serious complications with failure to rescue in children undergoing surgery: A NSQIP-Pediatric analysis
Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Kim, S. and Balmert, L. and Raval, M.V. and Johnson, E.K. and Abdullah, F. and Chu, D.I.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2020.04.006

Federal research funding and academic productivity in pediatric urology: from early career to research independence
Journal of Pediatric Urology
S. Kim and B. Li and I. Rosoklija and E.K. Johnson and E. Yerkes and D.I. Chu
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2019.02.018

Surgical, Patient, and Parental Considerations in the Management of Children with Differences of Sex Development
Current Pediatrics Reports
Soojin Kim and Ilina Rosoklija and Emilie K. Johnson
DOI: 10.1007/s40124-018-0177-4

Six of one, half a dozen of the other: A measure of multidisciplinary inter/intra-rater reliability of the society for fetal urology and urinary tract dilation grading systems for hydronephrosis
Journal of Pediatric Urology
Mandy Rickard and Bethany Easterbrook and Soojin Kim and Forough Farrokhyar and Nina Stein and Steven Arora and Vladamir Belostotsky and Jorge DeMaria and Armando J. Lorenzo and Luis H. Braga
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2016.09.005

Survey on the perception of urology as a specialty by medical students
Canadian Urological Association Journal
Soojin Kim and Forough Farrokhyar and Luis H. Braga
DOI: 10.5489/cuaj.3621

Is there an optimal contralateral testicular cut-off size that predicts monorchism in boys with nonpalpable testicles?
Journal of Pediatric Urology
L.H. Braga and S. Kim and F. Farrokhyar and A.J. Lorenzo
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2014.05.011

A novel endoscopic treatment for renal arteriopelvic fistula post-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
International braz j urol
Danny Chao and Alym N. Abdulla and Soojin Kim and Jen Hoogenes and Edward D. Matsumoto
DOI: 10.1590/s1677-5538.ibju.2014.04.18

A novel endoscopic treatment for renal arteriopelvic fistula post-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
International Braz J Urol
Chao, D. and Abdulla, A.N. and Kim, S. and Hoogenes, J. and Matsumoto, E.D.
DOI: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2014.04.18

Analysis of duplicate presentations accepted at two top international pediatric urology meetings
Journal of Pediatric Urology
S. Kim and L.H.P. Braga and J. Pemberton and J. DeMaria and A.J. Lorenzo
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2011.02.031


Cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) as a tool for Prenatal Diagnosis
Cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) is a noninvasive prenatal test (NIPT) that analyzes maternal blood to detect fetal genetic material. Since direct access to the test was available to the pregnant women via commercial companies, there was an increasing number of women using cffDNA for “gender” determination. At the same time, there was also increasing reports about “misdiagnoses.” It was recognized in the medical community that there is a lack of evidence-based methods for validating cffDNA for gender determination, of accuracy of the information provided by Internet-based companies, and of consumer education regarding possible incorrect results and/or disorder of sex development (DSD) detection. This study was designed to systematically review, assess and compare currently available online information about cffDNA as a tool for prenatal diagnosis.

Number and Type of Serious Complications Associated with Failure to Rescue
Complications and mortality are frequently measured as surrogate markers for quality of care, which is why resources are heavily mobilized to measure and reduce postoperative complications and mortality. However, there has been accumulating evidence that failure to rescue (FTR) may be a better quality indicator than isolated complications and mortality outcomes. In the pediatric surgical population, FTR has been studied in a limited fashion. This study aims to determine the rate of FTR in the pediatric surgical population and to assess if number and type of serious complications are associated with FTR.

The 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics Urinary Tract Infection (AAP UTI) Guidelines
The 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics Urinary Tract Infection (AAP UTI) Guidelines are controversial, particularly related to voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) ordering. Knowledge and adherence to the guidelines may vary by specialty. Among pediatric specialists, the current study aims to evaluate: 1) Attitudes towards the 2011 AAP UTI guidelines, 2) Reported application of the guidelines using a hypothetical clinical scenario.

Honours & Awards

The National Arts Program Award (3rd Place) 2018

ACS Quality and Safety Conference – Best Trainee Abstract Award 2019

Resident Research Day Winner (3rd Place) 2013

Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) Graduate Trainee Scholarship 2017

Congress European Society for Paediatric Urology (ESPU) Joint Meeting 2015 Poster Presentation 2nd Place Award

Canadian Urological Association Prize Essay Winner 2015

Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Health Professional Student Research Award 2012

Research Group Members

Hans Bae, Research Assistant
Harry Chae, Medical Student
Kiran Dhaliwal, Research Assistant
Tina Huynh
Aygun Ibrahimova
Amy Lee, Research Assistant
Saige Park, Volunteer